A comprehensive study guide offering in-depth explanation, essay, and test prep for Victor Hugo’s Les Misérables, arguably one of the most recognized novels to come from the 19th century and is still studied today.
As a novel of both the Romantic and Realism literary movements, Les Misérables captures the history of France through the lens of political chaos, liberty, and individualism. Moreover, Hugo is considered to have dominated French literature during the entire 19th century.
Victor Marie Hugo (; 7 Ventôse year X (26 February 1802) – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. Hugo is considered to be one of the greatest and best-known French writers. Outside France, his most famous works are the novels Les Misérables, 1862, and The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (), 1831. In France, Hugo is renowned for his poetry collections, such as (The Contemplations) and (The Legend of the Ages).